Home > Research-news > Sonal-manohar >


Promising Anticancer Activity of Multitarget Cyclin Dependent Kinase  Inhibitors against Human Colorectal Carcinoma Cells

Sonal M. Manohar1*, Kalpana S. Joshi2

Current Molecular Pharmacology. 2022. 15(7):1024-1033.  (Impact Factor: 3.855)


1 Department of Biological Sciences, Sunandan Divatia School of Science, NMIMS (Deemed-to-be) University, 7th Floor, Mithibai College Building, Vile Parle (W), Mumbai, 400056, India

2 Discovery Engine, Cipla R and D, Cipla Ltd., Vikhroli (West), Mumbai, India

*Corresponding author

Link of the article: https://www.eurekaselect.com/article/120364


Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of cancer death worldwide, and its incidence is steadily rising in developing nations. Cell cycle aberrations due to deregulation of cyclin dependent kinases (CDKs) and cyclins are common events during colorectal carcinogenesis. Yet, efficacy of multitarget CDK inhibitors as therapeutic agents has not been much explored against CRC.

Objective: The anticancer potential of multitarget CDK inhibitor riviciclib (also known as P276-00), was investigated against CRC cell lines of varied genetic background.

Methods: Cytotoxicity of riviciclib - potent CDK1, CDK4 and CDK9-specific inhibitor was evaluated in vitro. Further, its effect on clonogenic potential, cell cycle, apoptosis and transcription was tested using colony forming assay, flow cytometry and western blot analysis, respectively. Also, efficacy of riviciclib in combination with standard chemotherapeutic agents was assessed. Dependency of CRC cells on specific CDKs for their survival was confirmed using siRNA studies.

Results: Riviciclib exerted significant cytotoxicity against CRC cells and inhibited their colony forming potential. It induced apoptosis along with inhibition of cell cycle CDKs and cyclins as well as transcriptional CDKs and cyclins. Moreover, dual combination of riviciclib with standard chemotherapeutic drugs exhibited synergism in CRC cells. siRNA studies indicated that CRC cells are dependent on specific CDKs for their survival which are targets of riviciclib.

Conclusion: This study provides evidence that multitarget CDK inhibitors can serve as promising therapeutic agents against CRC alone or in combination.


Graphical Abstract

© Copyright 2024. Shri Vile Parle Kelavani Mandal (SVKM) All Rights Reserved.   Disclaimer  |  Privacy Policy