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Biomedical Research Journal

Instructions to Authors

Biomedical Research Journal (BRJ) accepts the following article types for publication

Editorial

Authors who are considering submitting an editorial should contact either the Editors-in-Chief with a brief outline of the proposed contribution before submission. Editorals are welcome on any topic; however, they may also be related to articles previously published in the Journal. Editorials have no abstract and no keywords, and are usually restricted to 1000 words, up to 10 references and up to 2 tables or figures. The Editors-in-Chief can be contacted at brj.sos@nmims.edu.

Original Research Articles:

Original research articles which have not been published previously, except in a preliminary form may be submitted as original full length research papers. Research articles must contain an abstract, a list of up to six keywords, and are limited to 3,500 words in length.

Review Articles:

Review articles which are topical and are a critical assessment of any aspect of mentioned areas. Review articles must contain an abstract, a list of up to ten keywords, and are limited to 5,000 words in length. Authors whose manuscripts exceed 5,000 words are advised to contact the Editorial Office prior to submission.

Letters to the Editor:

Letters to the Editor relating to published work in the journal are welcome. Letters should be closely related to the contents of the referred article.

After reading the Instructions to Authors, please visit our online submission system to submit your manuscript.

Submission checklist:

It is hoped that this list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal’s Editor for review.

Ensure that the following items are present:

  • One Author designated as corresponding Author
  • E-mail address
  • Full postal address
  • Telephone(s) and fax numbers
  • All necessary files have been uploaded
  • Keywords (as comprehensive as possible)
  • All figure captions
  • All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
  • The copyright form has been completed and uploaded
  • All tables (including title, description, footnotes)

Further considerations:

  • Manuscript has been “spellchecked” and is written in good English
  • Title is clear and unambiguous
  • If the manuscript is an original research article it should contain a structured abstract, if the manuscript is a review article it should contain an unstructured abstract
  • References are in the correct format for this journal
  • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
  • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)
  • Colour figures are clearly marked as being intended for colour reproduction on the Web (free of charge), and in print or to be reproduced in colour on the Web (free of charge) and in black-and-white in print
  • If only colour on the Web is required, black and white versions of the figures are also supplied for printing purposes
  • The manuscript conforms to the limits imposed on original research (3,500 words); Review articles (5,000 words), excluding the abstract, keywords, references, tables and figures)

For any further information please contact the Author Support Department at ijabs.sos@nmims.edu

Prior to Submission

NMIMS’s Journal of School of Science will consider manuscripts prepared according to the guidelines adopted by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (“Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals”, available as a PDF from (3500 words) http://www.icmje.org). Authors are advised to read these guidelines.

Previous Publication

Submission of an article implies that the work described is:

  • Not published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis)
  • Not under consideration for publication elsewhere
  • The publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher.

Ethics

Work on human beings that is submitted to Journal should comply with the principles laid down in the Declaration of Helsinki: Recommendations guiding physicians in biomedical research involving human subjects, adopted by the 18th World Medical Assembly, Helsinki, Finland, June 1964, amended by the 29th World Medical Assembly, Tokyo, Japan, October, 1975, the 35th World Medical Assembly, Venice, Italy, October 1983, and the 41st World Medical Assembly, Hong Kong, September 1989. The manuscript should contain a statement that the work has been approved by the appropriate ethical committees related to the institution(s) in which it was performed and that subjects gave informed consent to the work. Studies involving experiments with animals must state that their care was in accordance with institution guidelines. Patients’ and volunteers’ names, initials and hospital numbers, should not be used and patient confidentiality must be maintained.

Conflict of Interest

By means of a “Conflict of interest statement”, all authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organisations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. If there are no conflicts of interest, please state “No conflict of interest declaration”. This document should be uploaded as a separate file alongside the submitted manuscript.

Role of the Funding Source

All sources of funding should be declared as an acknowledgment at the end of the text.

Authorship and Acknowledgments

All authors must be accredited on the paper and all must submit a completed Author form with their submission. The form must be signed by the corresponding author on behalf of all authors and can be scanned and uploaded.

Copyright

Upon acceptance of an article, Authors will be asked to transfer copyright. This transfer will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information. A letter will be sent to the corresponding Author confirming receipt of the manuscript. A form facilitating transfer of copyright will be provided.

If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the Author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article.

General Points

We accept Word format of submitted manuscript. Always keep a backup copy of the electronic file for reference and safety. Save your files using the default extension of the program used. It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the wordprocessor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the wordprocessor’s options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. Do not embed “graphically designed” equations or tables, but prepare these using the wordprocessor’s facility. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts. Do not import the figures into the text file but, instead, indicate their approximate locations directly in the electronic text and on the manuscript. See also the section on Preparation of electronic illustrations.

To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the “spellchecker” function of your wordprocessor.

Presentation of Manuscript

Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Italics are not to be used for expressions of Latin origin, for example, in vivo, et al., per se. Use decimal points (not commas).

Title Page

Provide the following data on the title page:

Title: Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations: Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the Authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the Author’s name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address of each Author.

Corresponding Author: Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.

Present/permanent address: If an Author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a “Present address”‘ (or “Permanent address”) may be indicated as a footnote to that Author’s name. The address at which the Author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

Suggestions for reviewers: Please supply the names of up to three potential reviewers for your manuscript. Please do not suggest reviewers from your own institution, previous or current collaborators. Please provide full names, addresses and email addresses of suggested reviewers. Please note: the final choice of reviewers is that of the Editor and the journal reserves the right for choice of final reviewers.

Abstract: A concise and factual abstract of no more than 250 words is required. The abstract must be structured for original research articles. The abstract should be divided by subheadings as follows: Objectives, Materials and Methods, Results , Discussion and Conclusion.

The abstract should not be structured for review articles. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone.

Keywords: After the abstract provide a maximum of six keywords, to be chosen from the Medical Subject Headings from Index Medicus. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes

Abbreviations: Define abbreviations or acronyms that are not standard in this field at their first occurrence in the article; in the abstract and also in the main text after it. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.

Text: This should start on the third page and should be subdivided into the following sections: Introduction, Patients (or Materials) and Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusions, Acknowledgements.

References: Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic citations lies entirely with the authors.

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. “Unpublished data” and “Personal communications” are not allowed. As an alternative, say in the text, for example, ‘(data not shown)’ or ‘(Dr D. Saranath, School of Science, NMIMS (Deemed to be University), Mumbai)’. Citation of a reference as “in press” implies that the item has been accepted for publication and a copy of the title page of the relevant article must be submitted.

Indicate references by (first author, year) in the text.

Examples:

Kulkarni J, Khanna A. Functional hepatocyte-like cells derived from mouse embryonic stem cells: A novel in vitro hepatotoxicity model for drug screening. 2006; Toxicology In Vitro. 2006; 20:1014-1022.

Renu Bhatnagar, Jyoti Dabholkar, Dhananjaya Saranath. Genome-wide disease association study in chewing tobacco associated oral cancers. Oral Oncology, 2012, 48 (9): 831-835.

Molinolo AA, Hewitt S, Amornphimoltham PI, Keelawat S, Saranath D, Gutkind JS et al. Dissecting the Akt/mTOR Signaling Network: Emerging Results from the Head and Neck Cancer Tissue Array Initiative. Clinical Cancer Research, 2007; 13:4964-4973

Saranath D. Integrated Biology and Molecular Pathology of Oral Cancer. In: Saranath D, editor. Contemporary Issues in Oral Cancer. Oxford Press, 2001. pp 30-71.

For more than six authors, first six authors should be listed, followed by “et al”. For further details you are referred to “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals” (J Am Med Assoc 1997; 277 : 927-934) (see also http://www.nlm.nih.gov/tsd/serials/terms_cond.html).

Figure Captions, Tables, Figures and Schemes

Present these, in the given order, at the end of the article. They are described in more detail below. High-resolution graphics files must always be provided separate from the main text file.

Footnotes

Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers. Many wordprocessors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves on a separate sheet at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.

Table footnotes

Indicate each footnote in a table with a superscript lowercase letter.

Tables

Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.

Nomenclature and Units

Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other quantities are mentioned, give their equivalent in SI.

Preparation of Electronic Illustrations

  • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
  • Save text in illustrations as “graphics” or enclose the font.
  • Only use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial or Times Roman.
  • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
  • Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
  • Provide all illustrations as separate files and as hardcopy printouts on separate sheets.
  • Provide captions to illustrations separately.
  • Produce images near to the desired size of the printed version.

Formats

Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalised, please “save as” or convert the images to one of the following formats (Note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below.):

EPS: Vector drawings. Embed the font or save the text as “graphics”.

TIFF: Colour or greyscale photographs (halftones): always use a minimum of 300 dpi.

TIFF: Bitmapped line drawings: use a minimum of 1000 dpi.

TIFF: Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (colour or greyscale): a minimum of 500 dpi is required.

DOC, XLS or PPT: If your electronic artwork is created in any of these Microsoft Office applications please supply “as is”.

Please do not

  • Supply embedded graphics in your wordprocessor (spreadsheet, presentation) document
  • Supply files that are optimised for screen use (like GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); the resolution is too low
  • Supply files that are too low in resolution
  • Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable colour figures then it will be ensured that at no additional charge these figures will appear in colour on the Web (e.g., ScienceDirect and other sites) in addition to colour reproduction in print.

Captions

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

Line drawings

The lettering and symbols, as well as other details, should have proportionate dimensions, so as not to become illegible or unclear after possible reduction; in general, the figures should be designed for a reduction factor of two to three. The degree of reduction will be determined by the Publisher. Illustrations will not be enlarged.

Do not use any type of shading on computer-generated illustrations.

Photographs (halftones)

Remove non-essential areas of a photograph. Do not mount photographs unless they form part of a composite figure. Where necessary, insert a scale bar in the illustration (not below it), as opposed to giving a magnification factor in the caption.

Note that photocopies of photographs are not acceptable.

Preparation of supplementary data

Electronic supplementary material to support and enhance your scientific research is accepted as supplementary file. Supplementary files offer the Author additional possibilities to publish supporting applications, movies, animation sequences, high-resolution images, background datasets, sound clips and more. Supplementary files supplied will be published online alongside the electronic version of your article. In order to ensure that your submitted material is directly usable, please ensure that data is provided in one of our recommended file formats. Authors should submit the material in electronic format together with the article and supply a concise and descriptive caption for each file.

Proofs

when your manuscript is received by the Publisher it is considered to be in its final form. Proofs are not to be regarded as “drafts”.

One set of page proofs in PDF format will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding Author, to be checked for typesetting/editing. No changes in, or additions to, the accepted (and subsequently edited) manuscript will be allowed at this stage. Proofreading is solely your responsibility.

The corrected article will be published as quickly and accurately as possible. In order to do this we need your help. When you receive the (PDF) proof of your article for correction, it is important to ensure that all of your corrections are sent back to us in one communication. Subsequent corrections will not be possible, so please ensure your first sending is complete. Note that this does not mean you have any less time to make your corrections just that only one set of corrections will be accepted.

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