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Biomedical Research Journal

Volume 1, Issue 2, October 2014, Pages 137–145

Review

Implications of Cancer Stem Cells in Radiotherapy: Current Understanding and Future Perspectives

Murali M. S. Balla, Amit Kumar and Badri N. Pandey*
Radiation Signalling and Cancer Biology Section, Radiation Biology and Health Sciences Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India

Abstract:

Many theories were put forward about origin of cancer and immense research was carried out to understand the mechanisms involved in the origin and progression of the disease. The gain in scientific knowledge about cancer biology and technical advancement in treatment modalities resulted in improvement of clinical outcome in cancer therapy. However, recurrence and metastasis after therapy poses a major concern to clinicians. Resistant nature against therapeutic modalities and metastatic potential of cancer stem cells (CSCs), which even though form a fraction of tumor mass, result in failure of existing modalities of cancer treatment. The current article reviews the historical background of CSCs, involvement of various signaling pathways in the mechanism(s) of radioresistance and potential targets to be exploited in radiotherapy.

Key words:

Cancer stem cells, cancer radiotherapy, metastasis, radio-resistance, signaling.

*Corresponding Author:

Badri. N. Pandey, Radiation Signaling and Cancer Biology Section, Radiation Biology and Health Sciences Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India.

Email: bnp@barc.gov.in or badrinarain@yahoo.co.in

Cite this article as:

Balla MMS, Kumar A, Pandey BN. Implications of cancer stem cells in radiotherapy: Current understanding and future perspectives.

Biomed Res J. 2014;1(2):137–145.

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